1. PsensorFirst and foremost is Psensor. This is an excellent program for monitor device temperatures. You can even set it to warn you if any of your devices (CPU, GPU, Motherboard, etc.) exceed a set temperature. This tool has not only been invaluable in monitoring my system, but also diagnosing issues. Click here to install Psensor.
2. Indicator-cpufreqNext, indicator-cpufreq is fantastic for not only viewing your laptop's current processor load, but also limiting it appropriately. So if you are on the go and would like to conserve some power, you can switch it down to powersave. If you are plugged in and are doing something processor intensive, you can set it to performance, or even "turbo". Click here to install indicator-cpufreq.
3. Ubuntu-tweakUbuntu tweak is a great little application that is all about making it easier to tweak the settings of Ubuntu and Unity, as well as install many popular titles, like Chrome, that you would otherwise have to search for and install manually. This is a must have for making Ubuntu run the way you want it to! Installing is as easy as adding a ppa and running an install script.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak
4. Oracle Java 7Oracle Java vs OpenJDK is one of the great linux debates. For most people, installing Open Java is as simple as clicking on this link for OpenJDK 7 and this link for IcedTea browser plugin. For Oracle Java, it takes a few extra steps to pull it off. You can either manually download and install Oracle Java, or, take advantage of webupd8team's PPA.
sudo apt-get purge openjdk*
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer
5. Other programs
- Filezilla is my goto for all things S/FTP. Click here to install Filezilla.
- Virtualbox is a great tool for running Virtual Machines. Click here to install Virtualbox.
- VLC is the BEST all media video player. Click here to install VLC.
- Leafpad is a great very basic text editor. Click here to install Leafpad.
- 7zip is fantastic for handling almost any type of compressed file. Click here to install 7zip.
- Conky is a powerful and lightweight tool for visualizing your computer resources in an on-screen desktop display. Click here to install Conky.
- xChat is, in my opinion, the best IRC chat client available for linux. Click here to install xChat.
I am confident there are more I am not thinking about at the moment. I'll update this post as I remember them!